Smartphone photography, iPhoneography, mobile photography or whatever you want to call it, it’s clear that taking great pictures with a phone has become a thing now.
What does that mean, exactly? It means that folks are creating works of art from the smartphones, and those pieces also go up in galleries or are made into prints. That’s the extreme end, of course, but on the other we have Instagram photos that look totally killer.
1. Learn to use your camera software
This might seem like a no-brainer, but you’d be surprised at just what your smartphone camera can do.
Perhaps you’re familiar with some of the basic operations, like switching between the camera and video modes, or turning your flash on and off or putting it on auto. But did you know that your camera likely has some scene modes, too? Or panorama and HDR features?
Don’t be afraid to tinker with your iPhone or Android device’s camera. It has plenty of memory for photos, so you can play with the different features, effects and settings and snap lots of photos.
Soon, you’ll know your way around the camera software like it’s second nature. And that’s exactly what it should become – you don’t want to miss any moments because you’re busy fumbling with your camera’s settings.
2. Learn compositional basics
This might sound boring, but learning the basics is tried and true. There are plenty of resources out there for this, but here are a few things to keep in mind.
First, we’ll start with the rule of thirds. If you’re just starting out, think of it as a hard rule before you start breaking it. With the rule of thirds, imagine a grid of lines on your smartphone’s display, dividing it into thirds both horizontally and vertically. In fact, most smartphones come with an option to display that very grid.
3. Learn how to see light
If you’re going to go out and make pictures that impress your friends, you’re going to need good light. What is good light, exactly?
Good light is the kind of light that gives a scene shape, depth and makes things look interesting. Generally, shooting indoors with artificial light or outdoors midday or with overcast skies is bad, flat and boring light. You’ll know flat light when you see it – there are few shadows, if any, and everything looks evenly lit.
Look for light with some kind of direction and color. This type of light happens naturally at just before sunrise and at sunset. Alternatively, window light is great because it has direction and it’s often soft and a little diffuse, so it’s not harsh on your subjects.
4. Find an interesting moment
Say you’re at a beautiful location, the light is gorgeous and everything is ripe for a great photo. But nothing’s happening. It’s like looking through your Instagram or Facebook feed: there are hundreds of sunset photos with nothing but just sunsets. That’s it.
Instead, find something to complement the scene if you can. Maybe it’s just someone walking by. Wait until the shape of the walking person balances the photo and is at peak action, then snap away.
Sometimes, there are no moments. Nothing is happening. There’s no one around, and it’s just a pretty scene. It won’t hurt to take the photo. Do that and keep it for yourself or share it with close people and tell a story along with it.
But if you really want to get the good stuff, find a good moment. Maybe it’s people peacefully relaxing in the park – sleeping, eating, chatting, reading. Or maybe it’s a quarrel on the street (just be safe). Keep your eyes open for movement and always try to find some way to balance the photo compositionally.
Without moments, you’re probably just shooting still life most of the time. It’s too easy, and we can all agree that there are more than enough food photos on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram these days.
5. Work the scene
What does it mean when a photographer tells you to work the scene? It means almost that – work it! Don’t just stand there, compose and snap one photo and move along. Maybe a better shot will come along in a minute, or in five minutes.
Or perhaps you’d get a better photo of your subject by standing closer, or further away. Maybe the photo would look better from a lower angle, or a higher one. Or you can compose the same scene in a different way, or three different ways.
Taking a good photo means giving it some thought. Otherwise you’re just taking snapshots, and unless you get really lucky, your chances of getting a good photo that way are slim.
Don’t be afraid to take many photos. You can always delete them later, and you have plenty of memory on your smartphone. When you see something that really catches your eye, work that scene. And if there is a moment about to happen, shoot through it. That means keep shooting photos until the moment is over, then pick the best one.
In fact, smartphones like the HTC One, Samsung Galaxy S4 andiPhone 5S have excellent burst modes that can capture photos as fast as 10 frames per second. Use it!
6. Don’t stop shooting
You can’t expect to practice the piano once a week and play a Chopin Etude by the end of the year. At least, most of us wouldn’t be able to do that. And you can’t expect the same from photography.
If you only take photos once in a blue moon, it’s going to take you a very long time before you can start taking photos that impress your friends.
Try shooting a little every day. If you’re lacking inspiration some days, shoot anyway. Shoot what’s in front of you, even if it could end up being another dreaded food photo. Why not try to make it look more interesting than the clichéd straight-down-from-the-top photo that has become the norm these days? Find a better angle, shoot it macro, just make it interesting.
And that’s what you’ll end up doing most of the time. Unless you’re out on the hunt for perfect light, interesting settings and great moments, you’re going to be forced to turn mundane, everyday objects and scenes into something interesting.
If you can make your friends and family say, “Wow, I’ve never seen it that way before,” then you’re doing something right. You’re being creative, rather than just a passive observer documenting what he or she sees without second thought.
That’s it! Now go out there and impress us all.